We have all had a difficult 2020, which has affected us in varying degrees emotionally, financially, physically, socially, and/or psychologically. Some of those who actually suffered Covid-19 illness symptoms and many of those who were initially apparently totally unaffected have subsequently discovered that they are having sequelae or after-effects.
While the elderly, especially those who are obese or have one or more lifestyle related chronic illnesses,such as, high blood pressure, diabetes, cardio-vascular disease, had an increased risk of severe disease and also of sequelae, the young survivors, including those physically-fit prior to SARS-CoV-2 infection, have also reported one or more continuing or new symptoms,often months after the acute illness was over or after having been essentially asymptomatic.
Thepersistent or new symptoms after the acute phase of the infectionare diverse and include:
More serious complications appear to be less common but have also been reported. These include:
The reasons for these could be diverse such as:
baseline or after a long disease course, pre-COVID-19 comorbidities, and psychological sequelae following a long or difficult disease course as well as those relating to lifestyle changes due to the pandemic.
These symptoms could result in lasting disability or diminished quality of life, which is commonly being labelled “Longcovid.”Currently, no curative treatments are available for these kind of post-viral syndromes which occur after some other virus illnesses too. So far, the treatment is directed at symptom alleviation and coping strategies.Based on the experience from previous outbreaks of similar respiratory virus epidemics, many of the discharged patients treated for COVID-19 are likely to have residual deficits affecting physical, psychological, and respiratory function. The periodic evaluation, assessment and management of these needs requires an appropriate plan for healthcare intervention.
While most people recover quickly from Covid-19, the potentially long-lasting sequelae make it even more important to reduce its by following precautions such as wearing masks, avoiding crowds and frequent handsanitation measures.
It is important to keep in mind that those with neuropsychiatric symptoms often need complex, individualised care.Current recommendations for long Covid-19 include the identification and treatment of concurrent general medical problems (including physical therapy and pulmonary rehabilitation for persistent fatigue and dyspnoea); management of psychiatric syndromes with medications or psychotherapy when appropriate; and the promotion of a brain healthy lifestyle of adequate sleep, exercise, social engagement, and nutrition.
Post-COVID-19 care centres are bringing together multidisciplinary teams to provide a comprehensive and coordinated treatment approach to Covid-19 aftercare. In such situations, if you need a second opinion to be sure that your diagnosis or management is correct/appropriate, as the case may be, the specialists doctors at AIMS2Health are at your service both individually or as part of multispecialty boards.